Calendar of Major Festivals in Viet Nam (II)

THE 2ND LUNAR MONTH
– The Me Temple Festival (Cung Thuan village, Phuc Tho district, Ha Tay province)
The temple is devoted to Genius Tan Vien, the son-in- law of Hung King and the hero who defeated the Floods Genius. The festival, which lasts from the 2nd to 10th days of the festival, involves a procession, religious ceremonies, fishing in the communal pond (fish are brought into the pond and can only be caught for serving a ceremony in honour of the Genius).
– The Dong Nhan Festival (Hai Ba Trung district, Ha Noi)
The festival lasts from the 3rd to 6th days of the 2nd lunar month and is held in honour of the Trung Sisters. It involves, among other things, a water fetching ceremony – which takes place right in the middle of the Red River – for the purpose of bathing the statues, a lamp dance, and a dance of “the girl of easy virtue”.
– The Yet Kieu Temple Festival (Ha Bi village, Yet Kieu commune, Gia Loc district, Hai Duong province)
The festival is held on the 8th day of the 2nd lunar month to commemorate a general who, serving under Coinmander-in-Chief Tran Hung Dao, scored many feats of arms during the war against the Yuan – Mongolian invaders. Involves religious ceremonies, and such games as wrestling, plates reverting card game with watch towers.
– The Thap Dinh Festival (jointly organized by 10 villages – Bao Thap, Yen Viet, Dong Cao, Thi Thon (now Hiep Son), Huong Vinh, Cuu Son, Thi Xa, Chi Nhi, Hue Dong, Dich Trung, in Dong Cuu, Song Giang and Bai Lai communes, Gia Binh and Que Vo districts, Bac Ninh province)
The 10 villages worship Doan Cong and Le Van Thinh who were two able commanders of the Trung Sisters as well as a married couple. The Festival is held once every 4 years and lasts from the 6th to the 10th days of the 2nd lunar month. It involves a joint procession of the tablets of the two geniuses, followed by separate festivals in each village, with mock battles designed to revive the atmosphere of the war fought by the insurrectionist army.
– The Huong Pagoda Festival (My Duc district, Ha Tay province)
The pagoda worships Bodhivatsa. The festival lasts from the 1st lunar month to the end of Spring. Participants come to take part in religious ceremonies and to visit scenic spots.
– The Xuan Pha Festival (Xuan Truong commune, Tho Xuan district, Thanh Hoa province)
The festival is held on the 10th day of the 2nd lunar month in honour of Bai Hai Long Vuong, a deity ruling over the sea. Beside a procession and religious ceremonies, the festival involves some traditional dances: Hoa Lan, Chiem Thanh, Luc Hon Nhung, Ai Lao and Ngo Quoc.
– The Da Hoa Village Festival (Binh Minh commune, Khoai Chau district, Hung Yen province)
The festival, which is usually held at the ends of January and early February, commemorates Princess Tien Dung and her husband, Chd Dong Td who, living in the latter’s native land, endeavoured to promote trade, fight drought and diseases afflicting the people. In involves a procession of the Royal boat on the river and many popular games.
– The Da Trach Temple Festival (Da Trach commune, Khoai Chau district, Hung Yen province)
The festival, which lasts from the 10th to 13th days of the 2nd lunar month, commemorates Chu Dong Tu, Princesses Tien Dung and Hong Van. The Da Trach lake is what remains after the palaces and fortresses vanished into the sky. It involves a dragon boat procession on the river, a procession of the magic stick and conic hat, a castanets dance, and more.
– The Chu Dong Tu Festival (Tu Nhien commune, Thuong Tin district, Ha Tay province)
The festival is held in mid-February to commemorate Chu Dong Tu, Princess Tien Dung, and the sand shoal where Tien Dung took a bath and accidentally met Chu Dong Tu. It involves a dragon dance, a castanets dance and other games.
– The Communal House Festival (Vo Giang village, Thanh Thuy commune, Thanh Liem district, Ha Nam province)
The festival is held on the 15th day of the 2nd lunar month, to commemorate Vu Co, commander of King Le Loi, who defeated the Ming invaders on the Day river. The Festival involves religious ceremonies, a boat contests on the Day river, javelin contest, dialogue songs between young men and women aboard boats sailing in the moonlight, and song exchanges intended to make friends and seek commitments.
– The Da Si Festival (Ha Dong, Ha Tay province)
The Festival is held on the 15th day of the 2nd lunar month to commemorate a famous medical doctor of the 18th century. As a royal medical officer, he gave medical aid to, among others, the daughter of a Chinese Emperor. He taught the villagers to grow medicinal herbs for curing illnesses.
The festival also commemorates the genius of the villages, a person who founded the forging trade in the village.
THE 3RD LUNAR MONTH
– The Tay Phuong Pagoda Festival (Thach Xa commune, Thach That district, Ha Tay province)
The festival is held on the 6th day of the 3rd lunar month, and involves Buddhist ceremonies, ceremonies for beseeching blessings and luck. The pagoda is famous for the architectural products of the Le Dynasty and wood sculptures (statues, columns and beams in pagodas).
The Thay Pagoda Festival (Sai Son commune, Quoc Oai district, Ha Tay province)
The festival is held on the 7th day of the 3rd lunar month to commemorate TU Bao Hanh, a monk who was credited with having cured King Ly Than Tong of a serious illness and was later appointed by the King as Royal Teacher. He also founded the Water Puppets Play.
The festival involves a ceremony of bathing TU Bao Hanh’s statue, water puppets performances and other games. Visitors can also enjoy mountain climbing and the scenic spots in and around Sai Son.
– The Lang Festival (Bong Ba district, Ha Noi)
The Lang pagoda worships Tu Dao Hanh. The Festival held in his honour on the 7th day of the 3rd lunar month involves, among other things, a grand procession along both banks of the To Lich river, from Lang village to Dich Vong Tien village and a battle of firecrackers.
– The Hai Thon Temple Festival (Xuan Hoa commune, Vu Thu” district, Thai Binh province)
The festival is held on the 10th day of the 3rd lunar month to commemorate Queen Do Thi Khuong, wife of Ly Bon, a King and leader of a national rebellion. It involves a procession and religious ceremonies.
– The Phu Giay Festival (Kim Thai commune, Vu Ban district, Nam Dinh province)
The festival is held from the 1st to 6th of the 3rd lunar month in a temple dedicated to Princess Lieu Hanh, also known as “the Mother of the Nation”. It involves, among other things, a palanquin procession, a display of Chinese characters, the “Chau Van” religious song performance.
The Hung Temple Festival (Hy Cuong commune, Lam Thao district, Phu Tho province)
The festival lasts from the 9th to the 13th days of the 3rd lunar month, with the 10th being the main day. The festival offers an opportunity for Vietnamese to visit their land of origin, and involves, among other things, a procession of traditional cakes (“Banh Chung” – a four-cornered rice cake, “banh day” – a rice pie…), “Xoan” folk song contest, bronze drum beating…
– The Truong Yen Festival (Truong Yen commune, Hoa Lu district, Ninh Binh province)
The festival which lasts from the 9th to 11th days of the 3rd lunar-month, commemorates Dinh Bo Lmh, alias King Binh Tien Hoang, the national hero who was credited with quelling the rebellion of 12 vassals and unifying the country. It involves, among other things, a mock battle with reed plants as flags, a display of Chinese characters, and more.
– The Gia Village Festival (Yen So commune, Hoai Duc district, Ha Tay province)
The festival is held on the 10th day of the 3rd lunar month to commemorate a famous military commander of the 6th century. It involves a troop review and a firework display featuring important figures in the old Vietnamese legends.
– The Bach Hac Temple Festival (Bach Hac, Vinh Phu province)
The festival lasts from the 10th to 13th days of the 3rd lunar month. It involves processions and religious ceremonies, and such games as scrambling for the flag, a boat race, and guessing flag.
– The Dam Village Festival (Tay Tuu commune, Tu Liem district, Ha Noi)
The festival lasts from the 9th to 10th days of the 3rd lunar month and involves mainly a boat contest.
– The La Van Festival (Quynh Hong commune, Quynh Phu district, Thai Binh province)
The festival which lasts from the 15th to 20th days of the 3rd lunar month, commemorates Nguyen Minh Khong, who introduced into Viet Nam a variety of water hyacinth. The festival is associated with agriculture and involves some agricultural rites, a theatrical display of the role of scholars, peasants, handicraftmen and traders.
– The Sdng Temple Festival (Bim Son, Thanh Hoa province)
The festival is held on the 15th day of the 3rd lunar month, to commemorate Princess Lieu Hanh, and involves religious ceremonies.
– The Bo Temple Festival (in Thai Binh provincial town)
The festival is held on the 15th day of the 3rd lunar month and involves Buddhist ceremonies, prayers and folk arts performances.
– The Dinh Bang Festival (Tien Son district, Bac Ninh province)
The festival is held on the 5th day of the 3rd lunar month, and involves a procession, religious ceremonies and such games as a cock fight, and “quan ho” song performances aboard boats.
– The Sao Den Festival (Song An commune, Vu Thu distict, Thai Birth province)
The festival which is held from the 20th to 25th days of the 3rd lunar month, commemorates Mrs Ngo Thi Ngoc Giao, mother of King Le Thanh Tong. It involves a palanquin procession and folk games.
– The Pang Cau No Festival (of the Kho Mu and Xinh Mun ethnic groups, Son La province)
The festival is held in the 3rd and the 4th lunar month an involves jar liquor drinking with bamboo tubes, arts performances and games.
– The Xuan Duofng Festival (Xuan Duong commune, Na Ri district, Bac Kan province)
The festival is held on the 15th day of the 3rd lunar month, at the end of Spring. It involves folk song performances of the Tay, Nung, Dao ethnic groups.
– The Le Mat Festival (Viet Hung commune, Gia Lam district, Ha Noi)
The festival is held on the 23rd day of the 3rd lunar month, to commemorate a young man of the Hoang family who was credited with saving the life of a Princess and leading the population in reclaiming land and setting up 13 settlements west of Thang Long Citadel, It involves, among other things, a snake dance featuring the fight against a big snake in order to save the Princess.
THE 4TH LUNAR MONTH
– The Dau Pagoda Festival (Thuan Thanh, Bac Ninh province)
The festival is held on the 8th day of the 4th lunar month to commemorate Mrs Man Nuong who was credited with fighting drought successfully. Involves a procession, religious ceremonies and folk games.
– The Dau Pagoda Festival (Thuan Thanh, Bac Ninh province)
The festival is held on the 8th day of the 4th lunar month, to commemorate 4 Lady Geniuses: Cloth, Rain, Thunder and Lightning. It is associated with religious rites to call for rain and involves various folk games.
– The Dong Festival (Phu Dong commune, Gia Lam district, Ha Noi)
The festival is held on the 9th day of the 4th lunar month, to commemorate the Dong Genius, a legendary hero who defeated the An invaders. In involves a procession of the Command Flag and a simulated battle against the An troops.
The Doan Thuong Temple Festival (Ban Yen Nhan, Hung Yen province)
The festival is held on the 11th day of the 4th lunar month and commemorates Doan Thuong, a famous military commander during the Ly Dynasty. It involves religious ceremonies and folk games.
THE 5TH LUNAR MONTH
– The Chem Temple Festival (Chem village, Tu Liem district, Ha Noi)
The festival is held on the 15th day of the 5th lunar month to commemorate Ly Ong Trong, a Vietnamese hero who helped the Chinese Emperor Tan Thuy Hoang hold in check the Mongolian invaders. In involves, among various things, the ceremony of bathing the statue of the hero.
THE 6TH LUNAR MONTH
– The Duc Bac Village Festival (Vinh Phuc province)
The festival lasts from the 10th to 12th days of the 6th lunar month and is well known for a boat contest involving 4 “giap” of the village.
The Tra Co Village Festival (Hai Ninh district, Qudng Ninh province)
The festival is held from the 30th day of the 5th lunar month to the 10th of the 6th lunar month, and involves a pig contest and a culinary contest (a contest on preparing a feast).
– The Quan Lan Village Boat Contest Festival (Cam Pha district, Quang Ninh province)
The festival is held on the 18th day of the 6th lunar month.
THE 7TH LUNAR MONTH
– The Dao Xa Village Festival (Tam Thanh, Phu Tho province)
The festival is held from the 9th to 10th days of the 7th lunar month, to commemorate the survey made by Commander-in-Chief Ly Thuong Kiet of this portion of the river with a view to building up defense positions to counter the Sung invaders. It involves a boat race, as a reminder of activities associated with the defensive preparations made during the Ly Dynasty in this part of the country.
– The Tam Tong Festival (Vinh Loc, Thanh Hoa province)
The festival has no fixed scheduled date, but is held when thee is a serious drought. It involve a boat-cum- swimming contest, with each canton supplying three boats, designed to awaken the Heaven and call for rains… for agricultural production.
THE 8TH LUNAR MONTH
– The Dang Kim Festival (Thi Cau, Ha Bac province)
The festival lasts from the 7th to 16th days of the 8th lunar month and is dedicated to a Lady Genius who protects fishermen. It involves a procession and a buffalo fight.
– The Co Trach Temple Festival (Loc Vuong commune, Nam Binh province)
The festival lasts from the 18th to 20th days of the 8th lunar month, and commemorates Commander-in-Chief Tran Hung Dao, the national hero who defeated the Mongolian invaders.
– The Bao Loc Temple Festival (My Loc, Nam Ha province)
The festival is held on the 20th day of the 8th lunar month, to commemorate Commander-in-Chief Tran Hung Dao, who is a native of this area. It involves, among other things, religious ceremonies and a procession of “Genius Tran Hung Dao”.
– The Boating Contest Festival (Dong Hoi town, Quang Binh province)
The festival is held once every 6 years and lasts for three days. It mainly involves a boat race which ends with the “buoy ceremony” in remembrance of unlucky colleagues who lost their lives sailing or fishing.
– The Quat Temple Festival (Yet Kieu commune, Gia Loc district, Hai Duong province)
The festival lasts from the 18th to 20th days of the 8th lunar month and commemorates Yet Kieu, a trusted general of Commander-in-Chief Tran Hifng Bao. It involves a boating contest and a swimming contest (swimming to bring a report to the village).
– The Yen Cu Temple Festival (Nghia Khanh commune, Yen Khanh district, Ninh Binh province)
The festival is held on the 20th day of the 8th lunar month to commemorate commander-in-chief Tran Hifng Bao. Two famous items in its agenda are “Fish in Bay River Welcome Tran Hung Dao” and a procession escorting a Lady Official.
– The Dong Bang Festival (An Le commune, Quynh Phu district, Thai Binh province)
The festival is held from the 15th to 20th days of the 8th lunar month and involves, among other things, a aboat contest of 3 “giap” wrestling, martial arts, unicorn dance.
– The Phu Nhieu Festival (Quang Trung commune, Thuong Tin district, Ha Tay province)
The festival lasts from the 15th to 18th days of the 8th lunar month and involves religious ceremonies, a boat contest in the lake facing the communal house, and “Cua Dinh” song performances, a local folk song with original features and tunes.
THE 9TH LUNAR MONTH
– The Keo Hanh Thien Pagoda Festival (Xuan H6ng commune, Xuan Thuy district, Nam Binh province)
The festival is held from the 12th to 15th days of the 9th lunar month and commemorates Khong Lo, a Buddhist monk who was credited with supernatural powers in controlling rivers, conquering marshes and destroying devils to the benefits of peasants and fishermen.
THE 10TH LUNAR MONTH
– The Co Le Pagoda Festival (Co Le townlet, Truc Ninh, Nam Binh province)
The festival is held from the 15th to 20th days of the 9th lunar month and commemorates Minh Khong. It involves ceremonies on Buddha’s teachings, a boat contest.
– The Than Temple Festival (Cao Duc commune, Gia Binh district, Bac Ninh province).
The festival lasts from the 6th to 11th days of the 10th lunar month, and commemorates General Cao Lo who helped King An Duong Vuong in building up the Co Loa fortress and ramparts. It involves a shield dance a dragon dance, wrestling, a “tiger fighting” game.
– The Kim Khau Mo Festival, also called as Lau Phua, Lau Man festival
This is a festival of the Kho Mu and Xinh Mun ethnic groups in Son La province. In essence, it is a Festival welcoming the consumption of newly produced rice, and involves arts performances.
– The Hat Communal House Festival (Hong Quang commune, Nam Truc district, Nam Dinh province)
The festival is held from the 15th to 20th days of the 10th lunar month, and involves water puppets play, plate turning and folk games.
The “Ngo” Boat Contest (Soc Trang, Hau Giang province)
The festival is held on the 15th day of the 10th lunar month, and is part of the Moon worshipping ceremony of the Khmer ethnic group in South Viet Nam. It involves a boat race in which take part “ngo” boats, that is, wooden boats curved on both bow and stern.
THE 11TH LUNAR MONTH
– The Ngoc Than Village Festival (Thanh Oai district, Ha Tay province)
The festival is held to commemorate Ly Bon, the leader of a national uprising. It involves the “phet” ball game.
THE 12TH LUNAR MONTH
– The Bach Luu Festival (Lap Thach, Vinh Phuc province)
The festival is held on the 26th day of the 12th lunar month and involves among other things, a buffalo fight.
– The Ly Nhan Festival (Vinh Lac, Vinh Phu province)
The festival is held on the 30th day of the 12th lunar month, and involves among other things, a stick fight.

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